This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
DOT is a template file created by Microsoft Word, a word processing application. The DOT file provides a solution for situations where many similar documents with the same font and layout are required with simple changes between them needed, like names and places for example