This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
TIFF is a format for storing raster graphics. It is used for scanning and OCR text, faxing, printing industry, is widely supported by a variety of graphics applications. The format was developed by Aldus Corporation in collaboration with Microsoft for use with PostScript. Who is copyright to it owns Adobe Systems. The format used to store images with great depth of color.