This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
this is a new format that supports lossless and loss compression quality for images on the Internet. The Google Company developed this format specifically to do work online as quickly and conveniently as possible. The main advantage is that its file size is small compared to other image formats, but similar in image quality.