This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This is a format for editing, storing, and transmitting images with metadata for scientific purposes. The main application is astronomy. The main emphasis is on the metadata, which contain information about spatial and photometric calibrations. FTS is often used for storing data without including the actual associated images. It supports the storage of databases, matrices, etc.