This is a format that is used to store RAW photos on Sony digital cameras without the use of compression. It contains the complete set of information that was captured by the camera's sensors through the lens when shooting with minimum adjustments. The opportunities for post-editing depend on the camera model and lens. ARW files can be created and edited in the ArtStudio Image software.
This is a format for editing, storing, and transmitting images with metadata for scientific purposes. The main application is astronomy. The main emphasis is on the metadata, which contain information about spatial and photometric calibrations. FTS is often used for storing data without including the actual associated images. It supports the storage of databases, matrices, etc.