This is a format that is used to store RAW photos on Sony digital cameras without the use of compression. It contains the complete set of information that was captured by the camera's sensors through the lens when shooting with minimum adjustments. The opportunities for post-editing depend on the camera model and lens. ARW files can be created and edited in the ArtStudio Image software.
This format is used for storing bitmap images with improved levels of color and brightness performance. It combines exposures to record darker tones in the shadows or detail in the lighter areas of a given photo. HDR is able to combine multiple images with different levels of light distribution. It is used to create rich images.