The format has a TIFF-image structure. It is generated by Canon cameras. The CR2 photo is stored in an uncompressed form and allows you to edit such settings as white balance, exposure, and other settings for photos that were already taken. It is the successor format to CRW, which was used in previous generation Canon SLR cameras.
This is a format for editing, storing, and transmitting images with metadata for scientific purposes. The main application is astronomy. The main emphasis is on the metadata, which contain information about spatial and photometric calibrations. FTS is often used for storing data without including the actual associated images. It supports the storage of databases, matrices, etc.