The format has a TIFF-image structure. It is generated by Canon cameras. The CR2 photo is stored in an uncompressed form and allows you to edit such settings as white balance, exposure, and other settings for photos that were already taken. It is the successor format to CRW, which was used in previous generation Canon SLR cameras.
This format is used to compress TIFF images when sending them via fax machines. This format helps reduce the data transmission time. Group 3 eliminates redundant data during compression in order to reduce file size. The standard 10:1 compression ratio may be increased to the user's preferences, but it can lead to a significant loss of image quality.