The format has a TIFF-image structure. It is generated by Canon cameras. The CR2 photo is stored in an uncompressed form and allows you to edit such settings as white balance, exposure, and other settings for photos that were already taken. It is the successor format to CRW, which was used in previous generation Canon SLR cameras.
This is a color model display format that uses the three primary colors (blue, red and green) to create an image. Each color can have up to 255 gradations, allowing for color depths of up to 48 bits. RGB supports the display of 16,777,216 colors.