The format has a TIFF-image structure. It is generated by Canon cameras. The CR2 photo is stored in an uncompressed form and allows you to edit such settings as white balance, exposure, and other settings for photos that were already taken. It is the successor format to CRW, which was used in previous generation Canon SLR cameras.
TIFF is a format for storing raster graphics. It is used for scanning and OCR text, faxing, printing industry, is widely supported by a variety of graphics applications. The format was developed by Aldus Corporation in collaboration with Microsoft for use with PostScript. Who is copyright to it owns Adobe Systems. The format used to store images with great depth of color.