This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This is a graphic file format that supports HDR. It is used for exchanging graphics data between applications. It is also used for development in the Netpbm suite of graphics editors. A PBM image has either a per-pixel RGB structure or instructions for representing grayscale tones.