This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is a graphic file format that supports HDR. It is used for exchanging graphics data between applications. It is also used for development in the Netpbm suite of graphics editors. A PBM image has either a per-pixel RGB structure or instructions for representing grayscale tones.