This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
JPG extension was assigned to the image files. Many photos and web graphics are saved in JPG. In order to compress many bitmaps are saved in .jpg, that makes it easier to transfer and download these files on the Internet. JPG format based on the 24-bit color palette, the higher the level of compression applied to create the file JPG, the greater the decompression effect on image quality.