This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
JP2 is a bitmap image format JPEG 2000. This can be a picture, an image from a surveillance camera, digital fax and other. In JPEG 2000 to compress the file using the technology of wavelet transform. This allows for a smoother and sharper image and the file size compared to JPEG for the same quality is lower.