This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is an image format that can be transmitted over analog broadcasting channels. It has a 16-bit structure, and it is transmitted using a three-component YUV color model. One component is responsible for brightness, and the remaining two account for differences in color.