This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This format is used for storing bitmap images in an Adobe Photoshop project file. It is stored in uncompressed form, and it includes color spaces, layers with masks, two-color settings, layer structures and other data that allow bitmap photos to be finely edited.