This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This format is used for storing bitmap images in an Adobe Photoshop project file. It is stored in uncompressed form, and it includes color spaces, layers with masks, two-color settings, layer structures and other data that allow bitmap photos to be finely edited.