This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is a color model display format that uses the three primary colors (blue, red and green) to create an image. Each color can have up to 255 gradations, allowing for color depths of up to 48 bits. RGB supports the display of 16,777,216 colors.