This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is a format for editing, storing, and transmitting images with metadata for scientific purposes. The main application is astronomy. The main emphasis is on the metadata, which contain information about spatial and photometric calibrations. FTS is often used for storing data without including the actual associated images. It supports the storage of databases, matrices, etc.