This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
It is used as a common format for bitmaps in operating systems environments based on the UNIX kernel. It is designed for use in many types of graphics. It can be used for all kinds of data with two-dimensional arrays. It covers the RGB-space and transparency levels.