The format has a TIFF-image structure. It is generated by Canon cameras. The CR2 photo is stored in an uncompressed form and allows you to edit such settings as white balance, exposure, and other settings for photos that were already taken. It is the successor format to CRW, which was used in previous generation Canon SLR cameras.
It is used as a common format for bitmaps in operating systems environments based on the UNIX kernel. It is designed for use in many types of graphics. It can be used for all kinds of data with two-dimensional arrays. It covers the RGB-space and transparency levels.