The ABW file format is the default document format for the AbiWord word processing software and the format is based on XML. The ABW file format allows for advanced document layouts, rich text formatting, lists, tables, images and footnotes. ABW files are similar in nature to Microsoft Word DOC files, however, unlike Microsoft Word files, the AbiWord program can run on almost any computer operating system.
It is used as a common format for bitmaps in operating systems environments based on the UNIX kernel. It is designed for use in many types of graphics. It can be used for all kinds of data with two-dimensional arrays. It covers the RGB-space and transparency levels.