The ABW file format is the default document format for the AbiWord word processing software and the format is based on XML. The ABW file format allows for advanced document layouts, rich text formatting, lists, tables, images and footnotes. ABW files are similar in nature to Microsoft Word DOC files, however, unlike Microsoft Word files, the AbiWord program can run on almost any computer operating system.
DOT is a template file created by Microsoft Word, a word processing application. The DOT file provides a solution for situations where many similar documents with the same font and layout are required with simple changes between them needed, like names and places for example