This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
A bitmap image in the Portable Any Map format that was originally developed for processing and storing several types of monochrome and color images without compression as well as grayscale images. Bitmap graphics data in a PNM file are stored using ASCII or binary structure.