This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This is a color system for displaying image and video files. The luminance component (Y) in UYVY is digitized at each point, whereas the color difference components (U, V) are digitized two times less frequently. It has a 16 bits/pixel structure, and it is used in video rendering and image editors.