This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This format is applied in universal vector graphics in Windows applications. It’s used to store collections of graphical drawings. It stores data in the RGB range, not supporting the CMYK system. It can be used as the graphics language for a printer driver. It has a 16-bit structure.