This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is a monochrome image format with a bitmap structure. It is used to store images of icons and cursors in the X Window System graphical user interface, which is used for remote connections. The structure of an XBM file consists of simple text written in the C programming language.