This is a format that is used for RAW images on Nikon cameras. It contains metadata about the lenses that were used to take the photo, capture settings, and other conditions. It provides a record of the data array obtained by the camera sensors through the lens. It allows you to edit the sharpness, colors, and tones with no loss to the content or quality of the image, which is something that cannot be done with compressed images. It supports 12- and 14-bit images.
This is used to exchange vector graphics among different platforms. It stores not only 2D vector images, but also raster images. It allows you to store a large number of graphical information types and is applied primarily for design in aviation, engineering and other technical fields.