The G3 format is used to compress image files in TIFF format when sending faxes. The compression algorithm allows for the use of a standard 10-times compression, which can be increased. It is used to remove excess image data, which makes it possible to reduce the size of the image and speed up delivery.
This format is used to store images that have been divided into Y, U, and V color components. In this case, Y corresponds to brightness, and the variables U and V correspond to color information. This format is able to store more accurate color information than the RGB color space. The YUV Color System also allows you to store video files and save a particular sequence of images.