The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
RTF is a cross-platform format for storing labeled text documents, created jointly by Microsoft and Adobe, as meta-tags for the format Word in 1982. Adobe has in 1985 continued to develop the format and created a language PostScript. The basis is a simple text format, control sequences which are not macros that are available for change, and teams with a fixed behavior.