The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
PNG is a raster graphic data storage format that uses lossless compression algorithm to Deflate. PNG was created as a free format to replace GIF. PNG supports three main types of raster images: grayscale image, a color indexed image and the color image. PNG format stores graphical information in a compressed form.