The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
This is an image file format written in textual form in the C language. It is used in the X Windows System interface for remote connections, which is designed to serve clients and servers. This format can be used to store color and monochrome images.