The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
This format is used to store images that have been divided into Y, U, and V color components. In this case, Y corresponds to brightness, and the variables U and V correspond to color information. This format is able to store more accurate color information than the RGB color space. The YUV Color System also allows you to store video files and save a particular sequence of images.