The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
The G3 format is used to compress image files in TIFF format when sending faxes. The compression algorithm allows for the use of a standard 10-times compression, which can be increased. It is used to remove excess image data, which makes it possible to reduce the size of the image and speed up delivery.