The format is designed for Kodak cameras to store uncompressed RAW images in their original form without auto color and white balance correction. The file has a TIFF-structure that allows you to edit the color temperature and exposure of the finished image without losing information and quality, which is something that cannot be done with JPEG format images.
A file to store text created using free software based on OpenOffice. It’s used to store books, reports, notes, and other textual information. The file has an XML structure, is used as an alternative DOC format and has an open source code.