This format is used to create images without compression on Nikon Coolpix cameras. The created RAW files contain electronic data from the camera sensor. It is able to save more data compared with compressed photos. With NRW files you can set the exposure, white balance and other settings while preserving all the details in the image.
This format was developed by Apple for storing vector and bitmap images with metadata. It was the main format for the QuickDraw graphics software. PCT supports 32-bit and 24-bit images. At the moment, the format is obsolete and has been superseded by more functional solutions.