This format is used to create images without compression on Nikon Coolpix cameras. The created RAW files contain electronic data from the camera sensor. It is able to save more data compared with compressed photos. With NRW files you can set the exposure, white balance and other settings while preserving all the details in the image.
BMP is format for storing bitmap images. In this format, you can only save bitmaps monolayer. For each pixel in different files may come different number of bits. The latest versions of the BMP has the ability to control color. In particular, you can specify the endpoints perform gamma correction and embed color profiles ICC.