This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is a bitmap image format that is used on Sun Microsystems workstations running the Sun Unix operating system. It is used for some types of research. This format does not support transparency settings. It supports full-color and grayscale images.