Is a format established by Japanese companies in 2006. Designed for storage of video in resolution HD. The basis of lay encryption algorithm MPEG-2. Today, there are two HD-resolution videos: 1080p and 720p. This format is positioned as a direct alternative to obsolete DV in the home video recording sphere.
this is open lossless codecs, developed under the Ogg project. Lately it’s become quite popular: many users wishing to store audio with original quality choose FLAC. This is partly in connection with the fact that codecs uses IDv1 and IDv3 tags - this allows a user to sort an audio collection according to one’s particular tastes, changing the original metadata of the tracks.