A legacy format with RAW structure for storing photos taken with Canon cameras. It contains graphical information about data that was obtained through the lens without the use of hardware or software correction and compression. It contains metadata that identify shooting conditions and camera settings.
This format is used to store images that have been divided into Y, U, and V color components. In this case, Y corresponds to brightness, and the variables U and V correspond to color information. This format is able to store more accurate color information than the RGB color space. The YUV Color System also allows you to store video files and save a particular sequence of images.