This is a format for presenting fonts in PDF files that was initially conceived to store symbols in the Japanese and Chinese languages because it had a 16-bit structure and allowed for more precise adjustment. CID expands the the potential for PostScript by supporting languages that do not have a left-to-right orientation, and by supporting even a vertical mode of orientation.
This is an expansion of the PostScript programming language that’s often used in the publishing business. It was developed in 1982 by Adobe Systems. Before the introduction of PS, printing text and images on one page wasn’t possible. PostScript makes this possible by giving a printer commands to print out text and graphical information as needed. PS also contains print coordinates for objects on a page.