This is a format that is used to store RAW photos on Sony digital cameras without the use of compression. It contains the complete set of information that was captured by the camera's sensors through the lens when shooting with minimum adjustments. The opportunities for post-editing depend on the camera model and lens. ARW files can be created and edited in the ArtStudio Image software.
This format is used to store background images in uncompressed form in the X Windows System user interface for remote server maintenance. It stores a 'dump' or screenshot of the window or background of the client program. It may include different colors depending on the capabilities of the graphics card that is used to create the XWD file.