This is a format created in the Acorn Draw program, intended for image visualization by using vector lines. It’s used for storing information in the publishing business (brochures, logotypes, etc.). The main advantage is it’s high quality source images when printing. It’s been in use since 1980.
Since 2007, Microsoft began to use a file format docx, which is created by using the Office Open XML. The format is a zip-file containing the text in the form of XML, graphics and other data that can be translated into a sequence of bits using patent-protected binary formats. At first it was assumed that this format will replace the doc, but both formats are still used today.