A common format for compressing data. It’s used by a large number of applications for the exchange of data, back-ups and file compression. In ZIP archives they use various compression algorithms. The cryptographic algorithm is proprietary, so confidential data is better stored in an archive with a more complex protection system (RAR, 7z, etc.).
This is the standard format for data compression in a Unix environment. It’s used to store several files in one archive and for creating a file system archive and for software distribution. In a TAR archive, information is logged about the owner, file groups, catalog structures and file timestamps. Different bzip2 and gzip tools are used to create an archive.