this is a new format that supports lossless and loss compression quality for images on the Internet. The Google Company developed this format specifically to do work online as quickly and conveniently as possible. The main advantage is that its file size is small compared to other image formats, but similar in image quality.
It is used as a common format for bitmaps in operating systems environments based on the UNIX kernel. It is designed for use in many types of graphics. It can be used for all kinds of data with two-dimensional arrays. It covers the RGB-space and transparency levels.