This is a format created in the Acorn Draw program, intended for image visualization by using vector lines. It’s used for storing information in the publishing business (brochures, logotypes, etc.). The main advantage is it’s high quality source images when printing. It’s been in use since 1980.
This format was used for storing databases on the Pegasus and Palm PDA devices. Besides images, PDB allowed you to store tables, maps, e-books, and other data in a structured way. Today it has become obsolete and has been replaced by more flexible formats with DRM protection.