This is an international format that was developed for the purpose of storing images of the body taken with medical imaging equipment. It includes magnetic resonance and computer tomography images, ultrasound images and fluoroscopy, as well as images taken with other medical imaging equipment. DCM also stores patient information in the metadata, which form part of a single file.
This is an image file format written in textual form in the C language. It is used in the X Windows System interface for remote connections, which is designed to serve clients and servers. This format can be used to store color and monochrome images.